Wellness Plans

If your pet comes to us for its Annual Medical Examination it is already on the Muskoka Animal Hospital Wellness Plan. Our Wellness Plan has been developed as an approach to preventing illness and diagnosing and treating disease early, when treatment is most successful. Your annual visit starts with a discussion with you, the pet owner. You will be given the opportunity to discuss with our doctor any concerns or questions you may have regarding your pets development, dental health , nutrition, behaviour, parasite prevention plan and overall health. Vaccines will be discussed with you and administered on a schedule that takes into account your pet's lifestyle, lifestage and risk assessment. A comprehensive, head to tail physical examination is completed and a detailed report card after each visit is provided and discussed with you. Medical screening tests that become due will be explained so that you know what we are testing and why, and all results will be reported back to you promptly. Active clients enjoy the satisfaction of knowing they are not alone in the healthcare of their pets. We are here to help nurture and extend the loving bonds that they have made with their furry companions.

Puppy Wellness

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Our puppy wellness program is designed to offer you and your new puppy a great start in your new life together.  Our puppy wellness program begins at 6-8 weeks of age with your first visit to Muskoka Animal Hospital.  A comprehensive head to tail exam with one of our veterinarians and a chance for you to inquire about any concerns you may have regarding development, nutrition, behaviour, dental care, parasite prevention etc are a major part of the .Puppy programs also include deworming and parasite prevention. Vaccinations are administered according to a series schedule .  A second and third visit at 12 and 16 weeks of age completes the progress assessments and vaccination schedule and prepares you and your pet for spay and neutering surgery at 6 months of age.

The team at Muskoka Animal Hospital enjoy working together with new puppy owners in establishing a relationship that extends past puppy hood to a adulthood and on into the senior years.

 

 

Kitten Wellness

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Our kitten wellness program is designed to offer your new kitten all the benefits of veterinary services available to him or her from 6 weeks of age to 12 weeks of age. Included in this service is a series of examinations and vaccinations including rabies, panleukopenia (distemper), leukemia, etc. In addition, your kitten will be tested for worms and be treated for the most common intestinal worm of kittens – roundworms. Roundworms can cause your kitten to vomit and / or experience diarrhea; however, it is possible for your kitten to have roundworms and not show any signs of harboring the worms. A microscopic fecal examination could detect the presence of these worms. The examination will also look for other types of worms that can affect your kitten.

Adult Pet Wellness

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A pet in adult years, between 1-8 years of life, can be the picture of health! However, an annual physical and dental examination is still very important. These yearly visits include:

  • General physical examination – a head to tail check up
  • Urinalysis to screen for early renal issues
  • Wellness bloodwork to determine health of internal organs such as liver and kidney
  • Vaccinations that are needed based on an individual risk assessment for your pet
  • Internal and External Parasite review and counselling
  • Dental examination and counselling on prevention and home care
  • Nutritional review based on health and weight needs
  • Behavioural consultation

“It’s easier to stay well than get well”

Senior Pet Wellness

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  • With all the advances of medicine, our dogs and cats are living longer, healthier lives.  As your dog or cat ages, you can have your pet checked for early signs of diseases.  The earlier a problem can be detected, the better the chance to treat the pet and get a successful outcome.

  • Pets begin to develop diseases common to their senior human counterparts, such as cancer, diabetes, kidney problems, heart disease, and thyroid problems.  These diseases, as well as others, can go unnoticed in early stages; therefore, preventive health care is important.  The earlier the detection, the more we can minimize suffering and consequences with disease.  Dogs and cats are considered senior pets starting between ages 6-7.  By working closely with your veterinarian, your pet can have preventive health screens run in order to better assess his/her overall health.  The tables below can show you how old your pet is compared to a human.  The table is courtesy of Idexx Laboratory Services and was developed by Dr. Fred L. Metzger, DABVP. 

  • Canine Age:
     

    AGE WEIGHT (in pounds)
       0-20 21-50  51-90  >91
    1 7 7 8 9
    2 13  14  16  18
    3 20  21  24  26
    4 26  27  31  34
    5 33  34  38  41
    6 40  42  45  49
    7 44  47  50  56
    8 48  51 55   64
    9 52  56  61  71
    10 56  60  66  78
    11 60  65  72  86
    12 64  69  77  93
    13 68  74  82  101
    14 72  78  88  108
    15 76  83  93  115
    16 80  87  99  123
    17 84  92  104  131
    18 88  96  109  139
    19 92  101  115  
    20 96  105  120  
    21 100  109  126  
    22 104  113  130  
    23  108  117    
    24  112  120    
    25  116  124    

     

    COLOR KEY
    YOUNG
    ADULT
    SENIOR
    GERIATRIC

    Feline Age:
     

    AGE WEIGHT
      1-20#
    1 7
    2 13
    3 20
    4 26
    5 33
    6 40
    7 44
    8 48
    9 52
    10 56
    11 60
    12 64
    13 68
    14 72
    15 76
    16 80
    17 84
    18 88
    19 92
    20 96
    21 100
    22 104
    23 108
    24 112
    25 116

    Below is a list of the most common ailments seen in senior dogs and cats.  The list is categorized by the body system.

    Dental

    The top 3 problems seen are periodontal disease, gingivitis and cancer.  85% of dogs and cats over six years of age have dental disease.  If left untreated, heart disease, tooth loss, kidney and liver disease, and whole body infection can result.  Your veterinarian will discuss an oral exam and teeth cleaning with you.

    Liver

    Inflammatory, degenerative and cancerous liver diseases can be seen as dogs and cats age.  Clinical signs can range from decreased appetite, weight loss, diarrhea, vomiting, and increased thirst and urination.  If left untreated, low protein levels can result and end up causing edema (fluid accumulation) in the chest and abdominal cavities.  Also, clotting disorders can result as well as actual liver failure.  Screening tests include physical examination, blood tests, and a urinalysis.  Other tests may be needed based on the results of those tests.

    Kidney

    Kidney (renal) insufficiency is quite common in older cats.  In both dogs and cats, diseases that can come about include kidney insufficiency, kidney failure, kidney stones, and kidney infection.  Your pet may exhibit the following signs: increased thirst and urination, weight loss, decreased appetite, back pain, and vomiting.  Kidney insufficiency can progress to kidney failure if not addressed early on in the course of the disease.  Many animals can be helped if they have early kidney insufficiency.  Tests to check the kidneys include a physical exam, blood tests, urinalysis and an ERD (early renal damage) test.

    Heart and Lungs

    Mitral valve and tricuspid valve insufficiency becomes more common as dogs age.  Cats will also develop heart murmurs due to valve insufficiency but a murmur can also be seen in pets with high blood pressure, thyroid problems, kidney problems and cardiac disease.  Pneumonia, bronchitis and emphysema can also be seen in older pets.  Signs will include decreased energy and stamina, coughing, problems breathing, pot belly appearance and weight loss.  Cardiac disease and lung disease can cause problems in the kidneys and liver, as well as poor vascular profusion and death.  Listening to the heart and lungs with a stethoscope on physical exam will help detect any problems.  An ECG and blood pressure check should also be done.

    Joints

    Mostly seen in dogs, but cats are also affected, arthritis, back disease and hip dysplasia are more prominent in older animals.  Lameness, reluctance to walk or use stairs, stiff gait or trouble rising, whining or yelping with certain positions are all signs of joint problems.  Arthritis is progressive and leads to decreased activity, thus weight gain, as well as overall pain and discomfort.  A thorough history and physical exam will help detect arthritis in dogs and cats.  X-rays of joints or the back is also indicated.

    Endocrine System

    This category has numerous diseases that are commonly seen in dogs and cats as they age.  The most common diseases seen are diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism (cats), hypothyroidism (dogs), hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s disease: dogs), and hypoadrenocorticism (Addison’s disease: dogs).  Because of the different diseases, there will be variable signs.  Diabetic animals can show increased thirst and urination, ravenous appetites with weight loss, and an unkempt hair coat.  Hyperthyroid cats have increased thirst and urination, vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss despite ravenous appetite, increase vocalization, and an unkempt hair coat.  Hypothyroid dogs will have weight gain despite being on a diet or no increase in food intake, reduced energy levels, hair loss, a slow heart rate and seeking out warm places.  Cushing’s disease will show up as hair loss, potbelly appearance, increased thirst and urination.  Addison’s disease will have vague signs such as lethargy, not eating well, vomiting and diarrhea, or even go into shock.  Doing annual blood work to check liver and kidney values, blood sugar and cholesterol values, electrolytes and red blood cell/white blood cell numbers can check for many endocrine diseases.  Left untreated, any of these diseases will progress to cause irreversible liver and kidney damage, and possible death.

    Cancer

    50% of pets over the age of 10 will acquire some sort of cancer.  Cancer can come in many forms.  It can show up as a skin lump (skin cancer), swollen belly (liver or spleen tumors), swollen lymph nodes (lymphoma), lameness (osteosarcoma), vomiting and diarrhea (Intestinal sarcomas), etc.  The signs can range from weight loss, vomiting, diarrhea, skin nodules, to bleeding, and vague signs of not doing well.  A physical exam, annual blood tests, urine and fecal tests can help look for obvious problems.  Ultrasound and x-rays are also indicated in some instances.

    Ocular

    Many eye diseases can occur after the age of 8 in dogs and cats.  Glaucoma, dry eye and cataracts are just a few of the diseases seen.  Cataracts will show up as a hazy hue at the center of the eye.  Animals with glaucoma will have light sensitivity, rubbing at their eyes, painful eyes, and bulging eyes.  Dry eye can present as thick yellow or mucoid discharge accumulating in the corners of the eyes.  Annual intraocular pressure checks will easily identify glaucoma.  Annual ocular exams can pick up cataracts and dry eye.  Progression of any of these diseases can lead to blindness or loss of the eye.

    Gastrointestinal Disease

    Very common in dogs and cats, gastrointestinal disease is one of the top problems seen in older pets.  Among the common diseases seen are inflammatory bowel disease, colitis, pancreatitis, and cancer.  Clinical signs vary and include vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss or fluid gain, decreased appetite and lethargy.  Without treatment, further weight loss and declining health will progress with potential death as the final outcome.  Checking your pet’s weight at each annual visit can help determine if there is a problem.  Annual blood tests, fecal checks and urine tests will also help identify  any problems.  Other tests may be needed such as x-rays, ultrasound and biopsies.

    Summary

    As your cat and dog ages, it is very important to run these preventative health screens.  Many things can change in the course of a year.  Because of the fact that animals age faster than humans, we recommend screening exams twice  yearly for senior pets.   If a problem does exist, we can be so much more successful in treatment with early diagnosis and ensuring you and your pet have many more happy healthy years together.  You can help your pet age gracefully by following these recommendations and discussing any worries you have with your veterinarian.

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