Educational Articles

Dogs

  • An allergy is a state of over-reactivity or hypersensitivity of the immune system to a particular substance called an allergen. Dogs with allergies develop a hypersensitivity reaction or response to substances such as pollens, flea saliva, and so on.

  • Allopurinol is used to prevent the recurrence of uric acid stones. The medicine works by decreasing the amount of uric acid in the body. This medication has also been recommended as an alternative treatment for Leishmaniasis in dogs.

  • Alprazolam may be used to prevent unwanted behaviors in dogs and cats. This includes anxious, aggressive dogs or those demonstrating panic reactions.

  • Aluminum hydroxide is used to reduce hyperphosphatemia (elevated blood levels of phosphate) in patients with kidney failure. Aluminum salts work by reducing the amount of phosphorus absorbed from the intestine by physically binding to dietary phosphorus.

  • Amantadine is an antiviral agent. It also may be useful to treat chronic pain when administered in combination with other drugs.

  • Aminocaproic acid has been used to treat degenerative myelopathy (disturbances in the spinal cord) primarily in German Shepherds. This medication helps stop the process that damages nerves.

  • Aminocaproic acid is an anti-fibrinolytic agent (an agent that prevents the breakdown of fibrin, a protein needed for proper blood clotting). R.M. Clemmons, Associate Professor of Neurology and Neurosurgery at the University of Florida Veterinary College advocates its use in the treatment of degenerative myelopathy (DM), a condition in which nerve tissue breaks down, in German Shepherds.

  • Aminophyllin is used to relieve cough, wheezing, shortness of breath and troubled breathing. The medication works by relaxing the air passages of the lungs, thus increasing the amount of air flowing into the lungs.

  • Amitriptyline is a tricyclic antidepressant. Amitriptyline has been prescribed to treat separation anxiety in your dog or to treat excessive grooming, urine spraying or anxiety in cats. In birds, amitriptyline may be used for behavior problems such as feather picking. This medication may also be used to prevent itching in dogs, to treat neuropathic pain or to decrease the signs of urinary tract inflammation in cats.

  • Amlodipine besylate is a calcium channel blocking agent used to treat high blood pressure in cats. This medication has also been used to decrease blood pressure in dogs with chronic kidney disease.